What are Moscow guppies???
Updated on 02/01/2018
This time I had to make some corrections and deny few of my statements?!
Also, this will be my final word on this topic.
All the articles mentioned in this article
are now linked and available for reading.
After many years of research, chats with breeders from around the world,
collected records (published and unpublished articles), etc.
found it out that the first ‘Triangle/Delta’ Moscow were Half-Body Snakeskin
with ‘metallic’ blue head?
This article is based on information from the 80’s and later …
- According to the records, the early Moscow had ‘mosaic’ tail.
This fully explains streaks and dots in the caudal and dorsal fin
(due to a Y-linked gene) seen on the (modern) Moscow guppies today?
However, when most people think of Moscow guppy,
they think of solid blue & full colored guppy.
This strain is originated in Moscow, Russia in the early 80’s ???
when featured in “Freshwater and Marine Aquarium Magazine” (FAMA)
as Moscow Blue guppies?
They were distributed to Germany and Japan
and then spreading around the world from there?
The strain first appeared in USA in the 3rd World Guppy Contest
in Milwaukee in 1998 shown by a Japanese breeder.
Some of the 1998 WGC Show-Winners were purchased in auction by USA breeders
(including Luke Roebuck)…
One of the best (if not best) ever Russian guppy breeder
Vladimir Storozchev, and many other Russian breeders
when talking about Moscow guppies
they do not talk about Blue (Green, Purple nor Black) Moscow?
So do not let me to confuse you
(even more than you are confused now as you read this article)
with my statement about “Blue Moscow” guppies???
After researching all Russian (and only Russian)
tropical fish websites, guppy clubs, forums, blogs, etc.
I came to the conclusion
that none of the Russian reputable guppy breeders
do not call “Solid Blue” [Triangle/Delta] guppy – MOSCOW BLUE!
Just a couple of beginners in the aquarium hobby
has published pictures of guppies that are called the Blue Moscow!
To avoid confusion, in the article (from 1971)
‘Moscow veiled guppies‘ by Vasiliev N. Polkanov F.
it’s mentioned ‘Moscow Blue’,
guppy with a blue tail but not mentioned guppy with a blue head!
Close to the false Muscovites are the Moscow blue selections of YA Levitsa.
This is an excellent breed, which has the widest tails of blue color.
ALL PATTERNS / MARKS ON MUSCOVITES & MOSCOW
ARE DESCRIBED IN THE ARTICLE,
THEIR POSITION AND COLORS, etc.
PERHAPS THEY FORGET TO MENTION BLUE HEAD,
SHEEN COLOR WICH COVERING ENTIRE BODY ???
I DON’T THINK SO (it’s absolutely unnecessary to clarify why)!!!
History of MOSCOW guppy – presentation brief
by Dr Sergey Apriatin.
In one of the coming articles
I will post the original images with the original names
from one of the best ever Russian guppy breeder;
Also, I will republish [for educational purposes]
(original version as well as a translation in English)
1971 article on the “Veiled Moscow” (in English & in Russian),
N. Vasilev and F. Polkanov talk about the true and false Moscow.
My final conclusion is that the first blue-headed guppy
appeared in RUSSIA [MOSCOW region (area)]
after Vladimir began breed guppies
in artificial conditions using hormone injections.
However, since the whole world has accepted the name
“Moscow Blue” for guppies with particular characteristics / color
I will continue to represent them by that name in this article.
OK, LET’S TALK ABOUT MODERN SOLID MOSCOW GUPPIES
BLUE, GREEN, PURPLE, BLACK MOSCOW ARE ESSENTIALLY THE SAME !!!
I’m not saying that the blue and purple guppies are same,
neither genetically nor in any other way
but Moscow? guppies, they are same …
The Blue Moscow is the most common form and it can be a very dark blue
because of the black component to the color.
The black component can become so dark as to produce a Black Moscow.
* Yes, I got a Black Moscow from Blue Moscow …
Green Moscow is Blue Moscow with a lot of yellow color cells
in the top layer of the skin.
Purple Moscow is Blue Moscow with plentiful red color cells.
That is why Moscow dramatically change color depending on the lighting.
They look one color under natural lighting,
another color under articifial lighting, another color with light from above,
and another color from direct light from the front.
They could look Blue, even Black, Green or Purple!
If you are planning to put them on show bench, GOOD LUCK!!!
NOTE: This strain is not fully mature until 10 months of age.
“Some breeders have even developed the (modern) Red Moscow ???“.
My question about Red Moscow was posed to Dr. Sergey Apriatin;
1.) Is it possible to made
Red Moscow Guppy with a “red head” FULL RED MOSCOW ?
2.) History of the origin …
when the species originated, who is the creator … ?
Answer from Dr. Sergey Apriatin;
1.) American/European/Asian Full Red and Russian Full Red
have difference understending of these phenotypes.
Russian Moscow Full Red have about 70-80% of Red color on the body and fins.
Your opinion is 95-100% of Red color for Full Red strains.
So, Luke Roebuck was correct with his statement;
“The definition of Moscow cannot have redhead”.
Red color is a pigment chromatophore color.
Moscow head is defined by Metallic
with sometimes irridocyte color which is in all blue green and purple …
they are not primary chromatophore color.
Moscow Red is Red guppy with Gray Base body color and Moscow super-gene.
Moscow supergene have a few different phenotype points (few genes).
One of them – big spot on the front of the body (no red color).
Full Red is Full Red guppy with Blond Base body color (often)
or (sometimes) Gray or over variants of Base body colors.
2.) First guppybreeder who recieve Moscow Full Scarlet guppy
(Full Red guppy with Blond Base body color)
was Russian famous guppybreeder Mr. Vyacheslav Kornev.
1970 (Moscow, USSR) – famous Mr. Kornev received Moscow Full Scarlet guppy
from cross between Red guppy with small transparent tail
and Golden guppy with big tail.
After that I mean were recieve a lot of Full Red strains
with different Base body color genotypes and phenotypes.
true Black Moscow;
have been developed using ‘Triangle/Delta Three-Quarter Black’ guppies.
true Green Moscow;
crossing with “Triangle/Delta Green” guppies will bias the color to green.
true Purple Moscow;
crossing with “Triangle/Delta Purple” guppies will bias the color to purple.
Mature chromatophores are grouped into subclasses based on their colour
(more properly “hue”) under white light:
- xanthophores (yellow),
- erythrophores (red),
- iridophores (reflective / iridescent),
- leucophores (white),
- melanophores (black/brown),
- cyanophores (blue).
a gen that is responsible for the “complete” coloration
of the front body including the head.
A supergene is a group of neighboring genes
on a chromosome which are inherited together
because of close genetic linkage
and are functionally related in an evolutionary sense,
although they are rarely co-regulated genetically.
by Igor Dusanic